Specification & Spread
Pomegranate tree fruits — fructus granati
Pomegranate tree bark — cortex granati
Pomegranate tree — punica granatum l.
Puniceous family — punicaceae
It is a small tree with dark green leathery leaves and beautiful bright red 4-7-membered flowers;
The fruit is a granatina, with leathery pericarp and numerous edible seeds.
The country of origin is Iran and the Caucasus, where the pomegranate is found in the wild. Since ancient times it has been cultivated as a fruit tree in many tropical and subtropical countries of the world.
The pericarp of pomegranate fruit contains:
- tannins (20-28%) of the condensed group.
The bark contains
- alkaloids, piperidine derivatives:
- isooplethierin and
- methylisoplethierin (0.5%),
- pseudoplethierin (up to 1.8%).
Harvesting and storage of raw materials
For medicinal purposes, pomegranate tree fruits, its peel, roots and bark are harvested. Pomegranate fruits, the use of which is endless for the organism, are disrupted as immature and stored in a cool dark place. The peel of the fruit is harvested after the ripening of the berries, the bark is during sap flow of the plant. The roots of pomegranate are dug in the autumn and cleaned from the ground. The raw materials is dried in a dryer or under a canopy.
Properties and application
The pericarp of pomegranate fruit has an astringent effect and is used in the treatment of:
- dysentery and
- bowel disorders.
The juice from the fruit is used for anemia.
The bark of roots (less often stocks and branches) is applied:
- as a remedy for tapeworms.
The specific antihelminthic effect is due to isopelletinin and methylisopelletinin.
Psevdoplelterin does not possess this action.
With gastritis and gastric ulcer, the juice from it is not recommended for children up to 3 years, with individual intolerance, a tendency to allergic manifestations. The reception of the fruits of this plant is harmful in the presence of anal fissures and hemorrhoids and with chronic constipation.