Specification & Spread
Fresh kalanchoe shoots — cormi kalanchoës recentes
Pinnate kalanchoe — kalanchoë pinnata (lam.) Pers. ( = bryophyllum pinnatum lam.)
Orpine family — crassulaceae.
It is a perennial succulent herbaceous plant with a short, highly branched rhizome. The whole plant is bare, grey-green.
The stem is erect, fleshy, 50-150 cm tall.
The leaves are on short petioles, thick, juicy, crosswise opposite, lower - simple, large, elliptical or ovate, crenate-toothed, upper leaves unpaired, with 3-5 crenate-toothed leaflets. The brood buds can be found along the edge of the leaves. The flowers are large, tubular, greenish-pink in color, gathered in paniculate multi-flowered inflorescences.
The fruit is a multi-leaf of 4 leaflets.
It blossoms in the second year of life, irregularly, differs weak fruiting.
It is propagated by vegetative means and seeds.
The country of the plant is unknown. Under natural conditions, it is found in tropical Africa, Madagascar, tropical Asia, Australia, South and Central America.
It is widely spread in room culture. Kalanchoe plantations were available in specialized farms of Adjara (Georgia). Cultivated in the form of an annual culture.
The chemical composition of kalanchoe
The juice of leaves and stems contain:
- flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferol and its glycosides), catechins;
- organic acids - malic, oxalic, citric, acetic, etc .;
- polysaccharides (up to 40%);
- micro and macronutrients: aluminum, magnesium, calcium, copper, silicon, manganese.
Harvesting and storage of raw materials
Harvesting. The first harvesting is carried out in early August, the second - in late October. The fresh leafy young shoots are cut, placed in boxes with holes and quickly sent to the processing plant.
Storage. The raw materials should be sent to the plant no later than 20 hours after collection. At the plant, the raw materials are subject to immediate processing or are stored in a dark place at a temperature of 5-10 °C.
External signs of raw materials
The raw material consists of leafy shoots, leaves and their parts.
The stems are juicy, glabrous, cylindrical at the bottom, tetrahedral at the top, light green, up to 50 cm long.
The leaves are opposite, fleshy, juicy, up to 20 cm in length and up to 16 cm in width, green on the upper side, grey-green from the lower side, with a reddish long petiole.
The smell is weak, fragrant. The taste is sour and slightly astringent.
Properties and application
The pharmacological properties of kalanchoe
The most thoroughly the juice of kalanchoe was studied. He possesses:
- anti-inflammatory properties, most active in the exudation phase.
The juice has:
- ability to accelerate the healing of wounds, burns, frostbite,
- a bactericidal effect, with the result that wounds are quickly cleared of pus, necrotic tissue, epithelization of the affected surface occurs faster, scars form more tender, without sharp contractures.
From the juice of kalanchoe there was selected:
- antiviral factor capable of inducing the synthesis of an interferon-like substance in the body.
The antiviral factor can inactivate polio viruses, which are used to prepare a vaccine, and disinfect small quantities of water from enteroviruses in the field.
The kalanchoe preparations were prepared according to the method of V.P. Filatov:
- possess the properties of biogenic stimulants,
- have a bactericidal effect against gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms,
- retard mold growth.
The juice of the plant has low toxicity.
Application of kalanchoe
The kalanchoe preparations are used as an external agent for:
- purulent-necrotic processes,
- trophic ulcers,
- bedsores, fistulas,
- during skin grafts, to prepare wounds for the imposition of secondary stitches.
It is used in complex therapy:
- with purulent wounds after opening abscesses, felons, boils in the form of tampons, dressings. Kalanchoe is used in the complex treatment of patients with erysipelas.
In ophthalmology, kalanchoe juice is used:
- during treatment,
- corneal erosion,
- dystrophic damage to the elements of the eye,
- with herpetic keratitis.
Kalankhin granules are used when:
- ulcerative lesions of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines,
- chronic enterocolitis.
Kalanchoe is contraindicated for allergies and individual intolerance of the plant.
It is contraindicated in pregnancy.
With low pressure, the application of kalanchoe will also have to be abandoned.
It is not recommended to use kalanchoe for people with tumours.
People with liver diseases, cirrhosis, and hepatitis should also stop using this plant.